## Thursday, 31 October 2013

### Montessori- Stamp Game (Division)

Sonshine is learning about division in school, so I decided to 'help' him out. Well, not exactly. He already knows how to divide but I thought he has trouble identifying a division problem sum from the last time we tried it which was like months ago.

Since I have the Montessori Stamp game, I thought I might as well present to him Division using Montessori Stamp game.

Apart from the Stamp game kit, I prepared slips of paper on which I wrote division word problem sums.

We read the first problem sum together. But before I could do any presentation or explain anything, Sonshine dished out the kits like a pro, allocated the stamps correctly and declared the answer. I was momentarily stumped (since he was never exposed to this activity before) but found enough composure to ask him to move on to the next question. By the 3rd question, he gave me the answers even before he finish dividing the stamps and he did the same for the rest of the sums.

I told him since he was acting like a smarty pants, he was to divide 72 by 2 for me without using the visual aids. At first, he said it was too difficult. I pointed to the stamp game and told to 'use this method'. He took a moment to calculate in his head and told me 36. Then I gave him more divisions like 85/5, 82/2 and even 250/2...he gave all the right answers.

I am in total awe of Montessori yet again!

I truly doubt Sonshine could mentally divide (beyond the 11 times table) before this game. This game gave him the visual to help him instantly understand the concept and calculate quickly in his head by 'seeing' the stamp game in his head. Thank you Montessori- you are genius!

## Tuesday, 29 October 2013

### Cards & Counters: Montessori

It is one thing to be able to rote count, it is another to understand the quantative value to each number. The objective of cards and counters activity is to help the child understand the latter.

I love how this activity shows the child what '1' means, how many '2' is etc. It is visual, clear and very easy for a young kid to digest.

I am glad babydoll has progressed and is now able to allocate the correct quantity to each number. Whoohoo! I was looking back at how she started and recall at an earlier point I wasn't even sure she was going to get over counting! But she has come to this point and I am reminded the importance of being consistent, persistent, patience & have faith.

So anyway, one does not need to own these materials to do this. You can always write numbers on cards and use simple household items like straws, cotton balls, Lego, Duplo or...

You can purchase these from Daiso for \$2 and use them as counters! To make it interesting and fun, use a variation of counters.

Have fun!

## Sunday, 27 October 2013

### Learning grammer the Montessori way

If you are a grammar nazi, you know that I am very weak in grammar. I know that very well- my best friend has no qualms telling me that! But that's how I learn.

Sonshine is, no better. He's spoken language is quite a pain to hear. :( Hence, I have been researching on methods to teach him the technicalities of grammar. Honestly, I am discovering things I never knew! You can tell I didn't pay attention in class huh?

By far, I found Montessori method (surprise, surprise) the best for us. It is clear, concise and each lesson doesn't take long. We are now working on the mechanics of a sentence. Sonshine is currently learning that a simple sentence involves a subject and a verb.

I first showed him the above. I asked him if this made any sense and if it was a proper sentence. We concluded that this is not a complete sentence because there is no subject in it.

I added on 'a baby' to the previous strip. We now have a complete sentence because there is a subject ('baby') and a verb ('crying'). At the same time, he revised that every sentence starts with a capital letter and end with a period. I gave him a red marker to correct the punctuations.

He also learn other areas where he needs to capitalised the letters i.e. proper nouns. I gave him a few strips of papers like the above and he had to correct them.

He also learn when to end a sentence with a question mark.

I should do more of these activities with him. It is so much more fun than making him do assesment books. But I wish I have more time and energy!

### Parts of a volcano- Montessori

We read up on volcanoes a couple of weeks back. Sonshine and I were rather fascinated with the new discoveries we made. I never read up on such things until now-sheesh, so I am learning along with my son too! Well, never too late to learn!

As a follow up, I printed these cards from here and display this activity on Sonshine's shelf. These are part of volcano cards.

There are two sets. One set is the master card and the other is for the child to match the label to the picture using the master cards as reference.

It's been a long while since I sat down with Sonshine to do an activity like this. It  reminded me so much of the time when I did this regularly with him when he was a toddler. I remember how he would absorbed and learnt everything at one go.

He did the same again this time, and I really wasn't expecting it. He suprised me by looking at the reference cards just once and was able to match all but two labels correctly. How in the world?

But anyway, my purpose is not for him to be an expert on volcanoes. I don't mind if he can't remember anything about it years down. I merely want to expose him to such knowledge; something that he may never find in his school textbooks. Great that he recalls but it's ok even if he doesn't. More importantly, he (and I) enjoyed what we learned through our readings together. :)

## Friday, 18 October 2013

### Home learning tips

I am no expert but here are some basic pointers that help me to successfully implement homeschooling for my very young. I think it may be helpful for those who are just starting out and with very young kids- I hope. :)

1) Home learning corner

First and foremost, designate a corner specifically for home learning. This is where you keep & display all your educational materials. You want your child to associate learning with this corner and nothing else. Such that whenever she is in this area, she knows it is time for learning and nothing else. At best try not to use a common area i.e dining table for home learning because you want the child to understand it is time to learn not to eat or play.

Also, as far as possible ensure that this corner is kept separated (read: FAR FAR AWAY) from where the toys are. You want your child to focus on home learning and not be distracted with the toys.

Like most, I don't have the luxury of space. So I have a home learning shelf in the kid's bedroom. On this shelf, i store and display all the learning materials. When we approach this shelf, Doll understands full well that it is time for learning. She is there not there to play, sleep or eat but learn.

2) Set a routine

Just like nap/bed times, meals etc, set a routine in your day for home learning. I am not saying set a fix time like 12.00pm, but set the flow of events fix in your day to day. For instance, Doll knows that we do home learning after her lunch. She knows the drill so well that she will automatically ask to go to our learning shelf after her meal even when I don't lead her there.

3) Be consistent

Once you have set your heart and mind to it, make certain you are consistent with it at the same time, same place. Of course, there will be days when you or your child will feel off- that's okay. It's better to stay off track when either of you is feeling wonky than to force everyone to do it & be unhappy. But in general, be consistent as far as possible- just like sleep training! HA!

When I first started, I always yelp excitedly 'DO WORK TIME!' (yes, it lacks of creativity and sounds super boring but ah well) and lead the kids to the shelf. Over time, they understood that when I say 'Do work time', they are to proceed to our learning shelf. Think of it like a school bell.

5) Have low expectations

Keep in mind that young kids have short attention span. Say that 1000 times before you start the lesson! Don't enter into the lesson thinking they will sit still, listen and follow your instructions to the T. In fact, do EXPECT and be prepared that they will do just the opposite. For one, don't prepare hefty lessons- make sure the concepts can be put across to them in a clear, concise and quick manner. Personally, I think our home learning is more than successful if we accomplish just 15 minutes with doll!

6) Be prepared to stop

Montessori's rule is be prepared to stop when the child shows no interest in the lesson. You want your child to be in a joyful state of mind when doing work not feeling like she is being forced into it. Also, always end the lessons when her interest level is still high. Don't wait for her to feel bored or tired to end the lesson. You want her to remember learning is fun and make her want to come back for more.

The rule of thumb is prepare lessons that are skewed towards her interest. You can offer her to try something new but if she declines, respect that. Don't force it on her no matter how many hours and sleepless nights you have put in to prepare that lesson.

During our first few lessons, I purportedly gave her activities that I knew would make her squeal in delight. I wanted her to think that home learning is so much fun so that she will be attracted back to the shelf.

Once these are in place, the rest of the journey would be relatively easy. At this point, I rarely need to negotiate, bribe or convince her to attend my home lessons. It is a breeze. In a nutshell, make home learning into a habit and fun!

## Wednesday, 16 October 2013

### Montessori- Geometry Solids

I am mostly presenting Montessori work to doll this week. One of which is Geometry solids.

The intent is to teach the child the formal names of these solids. If you are interested, I printed this set of cards here.

Of course, I do not expect my 2.5 year old to know the terms 'triangular based prism' etc. I whipped this activity more for her to do matching which is a pre-math skill. Anyway, I gave her this more for the fun of it.

In David Gettaman's book, I remember he mentioned about allowing the child to explore these solids particularly stacking the solids and showing the child that not all solids are 'stackable' like the sphere. Surprisingly, Doll explored these solids exactly  this way without my prompting. In fact, I was trying to pack up and turned around to see her trying to build a tower with the set. Instinctively, she discovered she cannot add more solids above the pyramid (because the base is too narrow- but of course she doesn't know exactly that!) or that the sphere will no stay on top either (because it is rounded).

This is why I love Montessori! There's little need to give extensive explaination- just let the child explore & learn!

### Montessori- Cylinder Blocks

This was the activity that first attracted me to Montessori- Cylinder blocks.

It consist of 4 blocks and in each block there are 10 (mine only has 5) drilled holes to fit the cylinders in.

Each cylinder differs either in diameter or depth or both. For instance, in one block, all the cylinders have the same diameter. However, they vary increasingly/decreasingly in depth. In another block, all the cylinders have the same depth but vary increasingly/decreasingly in diameter etc (sorry, to lazy to give lengthy explanation but read here if you want to know more)

The direct objective of this activity is to sharpen the child's visual discrimination of varying dimensions. The indirect goals are for pincer grasp exercise (as the child use her index finger and thumb to manoeuvre the knobs on the cylinders) and if I may add, eye-hand coordination skills as well as Mathematical concepts.

During the initial work, present only one block at a time. Once the child is seasoned in working with each block; present all 4 blocks at a go to her & mix th﻿e cylinder blocks for more challenging work.

The best part of it is I don't need to give her lengthy lecture. As she worked, she instinctively learn that each cylinders have differing dimensions. I thought it was very interesting how she always pick up the largest pieces first- I guess these were the easiest to identify & match. She naturally discovered that the bigger cylinders don't fit into the smaller ones and some smaller ones don't fit into the smaller holes because they may differ in depth.

According to David Gettman, when the child matures, we can use this to explain the terms 'shallow' vs 'deep', 'thick' vs 'thicker etc.

Admittedly, this is something you can't DIY easily unless you are an expert in sawing and drilling wood- even if you are, you must be well equipped! However, if you like you can pick this book up. It comes with a template, though 2-dimension (but better than nothing & much cheaper than purchasing) which emulate this activity.

## Monday, 14 October 2013

### Counting

Babydoll has progressed! She can now rote count comfortably up to 39. At the same time, she can also count one to one correspondence without any aid.

So I took out my Duplo cards and have her count- this time without the counters. She is able to point and count in correspondence accurately. Whoohoo!

I also started her with Montessori counters. I learn that it is one thing to count 'how many' items are there but it is another thing to be able to allocate the correct amount of counters according to the numeral. Oh well, we will just have to practise, practise!

### Montessori Red Rods

Here is another Montessori visual sensory activity.

The goal here is for the child to arrange the rods from the shortest to longest. In this activity, the child visually learns what 'short/shorter/shortest' and 'long/longer/longest' means.

Lay the rods in random order.

Have the child arrange the rods according to it's length.

Again, you don't need to own these Montessori materials to conduct this activity. Think out of the box and look around your house to see if you can improvise. You can, say, use straws and cut them accordingly?

## Wednesday, 9 October 2013

### What's on my refrigerator?

I am stepping it out and showing you a personal space of mine- my refrigerator. Quite embarrassing- I was going to tidy it up but ah well.

I think this is quite common in Singapore households. We have this funny habit of collecting magnets during our travels and sticking them up on our refrigerators. We are no different.

At the bottom of our refrigerator, is an over-collection of erm...paper mess.

Let me give you a closer view- in the midst of the mess are Sonshine's spelling lists.

And Sonshine would liberally add to the mess by sticking his drawings up for show.

There, my beautiful, messy refrigerator!

## Wednesday, 2 October 2013

### Shop Smart with RedMart

I used to be deterred by online shopping until I became a mom. It is hard to get out of the house these days especially when I am quite strict in adhering to our daily routines. That's why I succumb to online shopping and boy, am I sucked right into the heart of it! Online shopping is supremely easy & convenient. Best of all I can shop even when the kids are sleeping! I have shopped mostly for my kids clothes and their educational kits but recently, I am into grocery shopping with RedMart!

I know some are very put off by online shopping. It is true that some online websites can be frustrating to navigate & one can't tell much about a product virtually. But RedMart made it all too easy for shoppers that I'm certain my 6 year old can do it too!

Allow me to take you through...

On the main site, you will see varying categories at the top bar. This helps you to straight away zoom into the product you want. Looking for food products? Just select 'Food Cupboard'.

On selection, you will see sub-categories- again this helps you to get to the product you want quickly.

When you select the sub category, you will see a whole range of brands available appear in one page. This helps you to compare the prices without much ado. So once you find your item, just click 'add to cart'!

I hear you naysayers & all you who insist on reading the product nutrition facts. No problem here! RedMart allows you to read even the very fine prints on the packaging. Simply place your cursor at the desired portion & the product details will be magnified for your reading pleasure. You can take your own sweet time and read through what you need to read, calculate what you need to calculate- all while slouching in your comfy sofa!

Once you are done choosing your grocery, simply click 'Check out Now' and follow the easy step by step instructions. And then you are done! Easy Peasy eh?

A feature of RedMart that needs a special shout out is it's 'My List' function. RedMart records down what you bought under 'My List'. In here are the items you have bought or you can also manually select (regular) items (that you buy) into this list. So that on your next visit, all you have to do is to go straight to 'My List' and select the items you want to re-purchase. Saves you the hassle of navigating the entire website again. Cool huh?

I can't say this enough- it IS absolutely easy to shop with RedMart- anyone can do it! And oh! Even if you find trouble shopping with RedMart, you can always give them a call or select 'Chat' to get instant assistance.

Shopping with RedMart saves you time, it is convenient and navigation on their site is easy & secure. What's there not to like?

Homeschool@sg readers get 10% off on your first order. Start shopping at RedMart and simply enter discount code "rm_hsshine"!

#This post was sponsored by RedMart but all opinions are of my own#

## Tuesday, 1 October 2013

### Humpty Dumpty with a twist!

Some nursery rhymes can be quite sad and cruel. But thankfully, there are lots of revised versions out there nowadays. And I enjoy the humourous twist to the stories.

One such book is this:

When I saw this book 'May I see the King?' with Humpty Dumpty on the cover- I knew it was one of those versions with a twist. Without a thought, I borrowed the book- and oh Boy, was I moved to tears (well uh, almost) after reading this book.

Like the typical story, Humpty Dumpty (HD) had a great fall & all the King's horses and men were helpless. They couldn't put him back. HD requested to see the King. The horses and men picked him & his broken pieces up and brought him to see the King.

As HD was before the King, all the King's horses and men eagerly await for HD with great anticipation. The story goes on to say that the King's horses and men had NO doubt that the King will be able to put HD back together again because...

they themselves were all once broken before and it was the King who mended them back into complete treasures.

And then HD finally emerges from the King's throne. True enough, he was made whole again because:

LUKE 18:27 says

"And He said, The things which are impossible with men are possible with God."

:)

Yes, it ended with a Godly twist. The 'King' in this story is our Lord Jesus. The typology is that when we feel broken, hurt and it seems so impossible to mend us back. We can always go before our King who will no doubt, make us whole again.

I LOVE IT!

The words aren't as complicated as I had made it out to be. IN fact, it rhymes just like like the usual Humpty Dumpty rhyme. It is easy for the kids to read. I took this golden moment and shared with Sonshine that whenever he faces a problem he deems impossible to solve, he can always go to God in prayer. And like HD, what was impossible to fix in our eyes, it will is possible with God.

Christian moms, this is a great book read to your child! GO and grab it now! :D

### Mummy! Do work!

It is becoming a habit for Babydoll to do mummy's work. Every noon after her lunch, she will demand & insist on doing 'work'. Never mind that mummy has been too tired to clear the shelf and add in new activities, she still tells me 'mummy! DO WORK!!'.

She has been doing 'stale' (as in I haven't change the activity trays for weeks) work for the last few weeks. So, I just HAD to perk myself up and slowly added new activity for her. Here are some of our new activities on our shelf this week:

Transferring beads into ice-cube tray with a tong.

We are FINALLY moving on with numbers from 11-20!  I am quite sure the road ahead would be a breeze from now on. PHEW.

Counting! I made some counting Duplo cards for her. To help guide her count, I gave her counters for her to place it on each Duplo. As she places each counter on the card, she counts them aloud. I am very glad that she is getting the hang of counting! Yahoo!

Sorting items by their weight. There's a boo boo in the photo but I was too lazy to correct it. This was fun for her. She took out each item from the basket, determine if its light or heavy and put it under the correct label.